SEX OFFENDER REGISTRATION
WHO MUST REGISTER
The convicted sex offender must register for his or her lifetime with local law enforcement for each city or county in which the offender resides and to update that registration annually or upon any relevant change.
Registered sex offenders must update their information annually with local law enforcement, within five working days before or after their birthday. Some sex offenders must update their information more often: transients must update every 30 days and sexually violent predators must update every 90 days. (Pen. Code, §§ 290–290.024) The California Sex Offender Registry keeps track of the next required update, and if a registered sex offender violate the update requirements, the website will show the registrant as being in violation.
REGISTRATION AT COLLEGES
Registrants who solely participate in online courses with absolutely no requirement to be present on campus at any time and shall not be present at any time on campus may register via the mail with the DOJ Online Course Registration Form. (Pen. Code. § 290.01)
SEX CRIMES THAT REQUIRE REGISTRATION (PEN. CODE,
EFFECTS OF LIFETIME REGISTRATION (Pen. Code, § 290)
Sex Registration Affects an Offender's Life
Penal Code section 290 allows law enforcement and the public to monitor the sex offender on a daily basis. It also restricts places a sex offender may visit and the people with whom he or she may interact. The law regulates a sex offender's duty to inform law enforcement where he or she resides, law enforcement's ability to track a sex offender's movement through a global positioning device, where and with whom a sex offender may reside, what sort of jobs or volunteer positions a sex offender may accept, and the public and private places a sex offender may visit. (See, People v. Nguyen (2014) 222 Cal.App.4th 1168)
SB 284 - TIERED SEX OFFENDER REGISTRATION
Passports and International Megan's Law
The IML prohibits the Department of State from issuing a passport to a covered sex offender without a unique identifier, and it allows for the revocation of passports previously issued to these individuals that do not contain the identifier (22 USC 212b).
The identifier is a passport endorsement, currently printed inside the back cover of the passport book, which reads: “The bearer was convicted of a sex offense against a minor, and is a covered sex offender pursuant to 22 United States Code Section 212b(c)(l).” Since endorsements cannot be printed on passport cards, covered sex offenders cannot be issued passport cards.
Only the DHS/ICE Angel Watch Center (AWC) can certify an individual as a “covered sex offender.” Therefore, any questions by the applicant about such status must be directed to and resolved by AWC.
Applicants who have questions for AWC regarding their status or believe they have been wrongly identified as a covered sex offender as defined in Title 22 United States Code 212b(c)(1) should contact AWC at DHSintermeganslaw@ice.dhs.gov.